Unless you are on the search for a new roof, chances are you have not considered the various types of asphalt shingles in the market. Also, great roofing contractors might give you valuable insight on roofing shingles, but you are the one that is going to live with the roof for the next several decades. As such, it’s important to ensure that you like the shingles before you purchase and have them installed.

Call Now To Get Started

The Different Types of Asphalt Shingles

  • 3-Tab Shingles

3Tab Shingles by Portland Roofing Contractors Top LineThese are the most basic and economical type of asphalt shingles on the market. They are made from fiberglass basement that’s coated with mineral granules, lending each piece a different color tone. 3-tab asphalt shingles are popular for being lightweight and durable. They can last for up to 2 decades. The exposed layer is notched, often into three tabs and thus the 3-tab name. This is to give a more appealing appearance.
3-tab shingles are the best option for people on a budget. However, they have few aesthetic options and do not last for long in regions with harsh weather conditions.

  • Architectural Shingles

These are made of two or more shingle layers. The multilayering makes them more durable, enabling them to be utilized in stronger warranties. Most of the dimensional asphalt shingles have a warranty of 30 years to life, depending on the specific shingle and installation.
The best part about these shingles is that they are appealing and do not look like run-of-the-mill products. They also come in a wide array of colors.


  • Luxury Asphalt Shingles

GAF-timberline-shingles by top line roofing

These are made to replicate cedar shake and natural slate at a fraction of the price. Slate and shakes are very costly and laborious to install. However, luxury asphalt shingles are an excellent alternative for period style homes.

They have a multi-dimensional texture which lends depth and shadows that look just like slate or shakes. However, they tend to be heavy and while this might be great in regions that are prone to storms and tornadoes, they are not suitable for every home.

Updated by Top Line Roofing Contractors on Dec. 4, 2021

How GAF is giving ancient roofing shingles new life. This what you can do with your old shingles

GAF is forging a route toward more ecologically responsible manufacturing and construction.

Roof shingles are normally disposed of at a landfill after being taken off a house and dumped in a trash. Each year, the removal of old asphalt shingles creates more than 1.6 billion square feet of waste—11 million tons. But not for long. GAF, North America’s leading roofing and waterproofing producer, is introducing a new recycling technique for asphalt shingles after years of research and development.

“When you think about what manufacturing is now and what it may be in the future, circularity has become critical,” says the company’s CEO, Jim Schnepper. “It’s critical to us that we do business in a sustainable manner in order to be decent global citizens.” And if we improve recycling, we may be able to develop efficiency and even new businesses.”


Asphalt, an oil-based byproduct of gasoline and fuel manufacture, is used to make roof shingles. The difficulty with recycling is that when a roof is removed from a home, the shingles are mixed along with other materials like as nails and underlayment. This necessitates isolating the needed elements from the stream, a technique that has hitherto been prohibitively costly. “Cost is a barrier for most recycling, and it’s no different for roofing,” Schnepper adds. “One of the criteria for developing this new method was to be able to recycle at a cost that was neutral.”

GAF originally considered the issue around ten years ago, but when Schnepper took over as president in 2016, he emphasized the initiative, with the objective of manufacturing the industry’s first asphalt shingle including post-consumer trash. (Schnepper became CEO in 2021.)

The new procedure consists of two stages: First, a dry step eliminates the granules and impurities from the asphalt, allowing around 90% of the old material to be repackaged as a briquette of useable asphalt. According to Schnepper, the recycled asphalt briquette offers a new raw material that GAF may utilize to build new shingles or perhaps sell to paving businesses and other manufacturers.

The second step is a wet process in which reclaimed asphalt is reintroduced into fresh shingles. Currently, the components from one old roof can be used to make enough recycled-content shingles to cover around 12 new roofs. The shingles have been UL-certified for safety and efficacy.


GAF intends to utilise recycled material in its core product lines, which will need retooling current facilities to accommodate the new process. In total, the corporation will have spent more than $100 million on research, development, testing, and growing the capabilities.

“Our focus on innovation is an essential element of what we do as a company, and diverting roofing materials from landfills and building a circular economy for roofing goods in North America is one of our long-term sustainability goals,” Schnepper adds. “The co-CEOs of our parent firm, Standard Industries, David Millstone and David Winter, have made innovation an essential priority and have been supporters of the recycled shingle process since its inception.” This is a compelling potential for us, and I hope it prompts other roofing manufacturers to consider what they might do.” Learn more about GAF shingles on our roofing systems page over here.

portland roofing contractors
Call Now Button